Phytochemical screening of antifungal biocompounds from fruits and leaves extract of Cerbera odollam Gaertn

Chu, Sue Yin and Harbant Singh, and Muhammad Syarhabil Ahmad, and Awang Soh Mamat, (2015) Phytochemical screening of antifungal biocompounds from fruits and leaves extract of Cerbera odollam Gaertn. Malaysian Applied Biology, 44 (3). pp. 75-79. ISSN 0126-8643


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Nowadays, heavy usage of fungicide in agricultural industries has resulted in environmental pollution in additional to expose a significant risk to human health. Hence, there is a need to develop alternatives to replace synthetic fungicides. In this research, phytochemical test was carried out on both fruits and leaves of Cerbera odollam Gaertn using standardized procedures to determine the antifungal compounds present in the ethanol extracts. Antifungal bioassay was performed through Kirby- Bauer disc diffusion method at various weight (0.5mg to 100mg) against fungi: Aspergillus niger, Fusarium oxysporum and Penicilium citrum. Fungi assay was assessed based on the minimum inhibitory amount of both ethanol extracts. The results of the research showed the presence of the active compounds such as alkaloid, cardiac glycoside, phenol, steroid, tannin and terpenoid in the extracts. Leaves extracts were found to have more phytoconstituents as compared to the fruits extracts. Besides, antifungal activity of leaves extract had moderate antifungal effects against Aspergillus niger (13.40mm inhibition zone) and Penicilium citrum (15.73mm inhibition zone). However, Fusarium oxysporum did not exhibit inhibition zone with this extract. Leaves extract showed best antifungal activity against Penicilium citrum, with the lowest dosage (<1mg) when compared to others. Meanwhile, fruits had showed weak antifungal activity (below 11.00mm inhibition zone) for all the tested fungi. The study on Cerbera odollam’s fruits and leaves extract indicated that they have an antifungal potential to be used as an alternative to synthetic fungicides. Investigation for its active biocompounds could be exploited further.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Cerbera odollam; Fruits; Leaves; Phytochemical screening; Antifungal
Journal:Malaysian Applied Biology Journal
ID Code:10348
Deposited By: ms aida -
Deposited On:18 Apr 2017 06:54
Last Modified:21 Apr 2017 09:50

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