Chemical and thermal properties of purified kenaf core and oil palm empty fruit bunch lignin

Sharifah Nurul Ain Syed Hashim, and Sarani Zakaria, and Chin, Hua Chia and Fei, Ling Pua and Sharifah Nabihah Syed Jaafar, (2016) Chemical and thermal properties of purified kenaf core and oil palm empty fruit bunch lignin. Sains Malaysiana, 45 (11). pp. 1649-1653. ISSN 0126-6039


Official URL:


Chemical and thermal properties of pure lignin are depending on the plant origin, extraction method and type of lignocellulosic. In this study, lignin from oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) and kenaf core were recovered from soda black liquor by two steps of acid precipitation with hydrochloric acid and followed by soxhlet with n-hexane. The XRD analysis of purified EFB lignin (EAL) and purified kenaf core lignin (KAL) exhibited amorphous properties, similar to the standard alkali lignin (SAL). The FTIR and Raman spectra showed that all samples consist of HGS unit. In FTIR, the syringyl unit is assigned at (1125 cm-1), (1327 and 1121 cm-1) and (1326 and 1117 cm-1) meanwhile the guaicyl unit is assigned at (1263, 1212 and 1028 cm-1), (1271, 1217 and 1028 cm-1) and (1270, 1211 and 1030 cm-1) for SAL, EAL and KAL, respectively. The peak around 1160 cm-1 represents C-O stretching of conjugated ester group present in HGS lignin. As for Raman, the HGS unit exists in the range of 1100-1400 cm-1. Among the purified samples, the TGA result showed that KAL has a better thermal stability with the residue of 36.49% and higher Tg value which is 152.69°C.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Acid precipitation; Black liquor; HGS unit; Soda lignin; Soxhlet extraction
Journal:Sains Malaysiana
ID Code:10383
Deposited By: ms aida -
Deposited On:15 May 2017 04:02
Last Modified:22 May 2017 00:40

Repository Staff Only: item control page