Incorporating intelligence into exit choice model for typical evacuation

Mohammed Shuaib, and Zarita Zainuddin, (2017) Incorporating intelligence into exit choice model for typical evacuation. Sains Malaysiana, 46 (10). pp. 1997-2005. ISSN 0126-6039


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Integrating an exit choice model into a microscopic crowd dynamics model is an essential approach for obtaining more efficient evacuation model. We describe various aspects of decision-making capability of an existing rule-based exit choice model for evacuation processes. In simulations, however, the simulated evacuees clogging at exits have behaved non-intelligently, namely they do not give up their exits for better ones for safer egress. We refine the model to endow the individuals with the ability to leave their exits due to dynamic changes by modifying the model of their excitement resulted from the source of panic. This facilitates the approximately equal crowd size at exits for being until the end of the evacuation process, and thereby the model accomplishes more optimal evacuation. For further intelligence, we introduce the prediction factor that enables higher probability of equally distributing evacuees at exits. A simulation to validate the contribution is performed, and the results are analyzed and compared with the original model.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Decision making; Evacuation; Exit choice; Prediction
Journal:Sains Malaysiana
ID Code:11560
Deposited By: ms aida -
Deposited On:05 Apr 2018 01:30
Last Modified:10 Apr 2018 10:15

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