Heavy metals leaching behaviour assessment of palm oil clinker

Mohammad Razaul Karim, and Sumiani Yusoff, and Hashim Abdul Razak, and Faisal I. Chowdhury, and Hossain Zabed, (2018) Heavy metals leaching behaviour assessment of palm oil clinker. Sains Malaysiana, 47 (3). pp. 523-530. ISSN 0126-6039


Official URL: http://www.ukm.my/jsm/malay_journals/jilid47bil3_2...


Technical benefit of incorporation of Palm Oil Clinker (POC) in cement-based applications has been proven in recent studies. The aim of this work was to assess the heavy metal leaching behavior to ensure environmental safety of using POC in cement-based applications. The chemical composition, morphology, total organic carbon (TOC) and mineralogy were determined using XRF, FESEM, TOC analyzers and XRD to select appropriate chemical reagents for complete digestion. HNO3, HF and HClO4 were used for digestion of POC to measure heavy metal content using ICP-MS. The chemical reagents CH3COOH, NH2OH-HCl, H2O2+CH3COONH4 and HF+HNO3+HCl were used for extraction of acid soluble, reducible, oxidizable and residual fractions of heavy metals in POC, respectively. The leaching toxicity of the POC was investigated by the USEPA 1311 TCLP method. The result showed the presence of Be, V, Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Se, Ag, Cd, Ba and Pb with levels of 5.13, 11.02, 2.65, 1.93, 45.43, 11.84, 15.07, 0, 0, 81.97 and 1.76 mg/kg, respectively, in POC. The leaching value in mg/L of As (4.56), Cu(1.05), Be (0.89), Zn(0.51), Ba(0.26), Ni (0.17), V(0.15), Cr(0.001) and Se (0.001) is found well below the standard limit of risk. Risk assessment code (RAC) analysis confirms the safe incorporation of POC in cement-based applications.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Cement-based applications; Heavy metal; Leaching toxicity; Palm oil clinker; Risk assessment code
Journal:Sains Malaysiana
ID Code:12034
Deposited By: ms aida -
Deposited On:04 Sep 2018 07:09
Last Modified:09 Sep 2018 23:22

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