Adaptive cancellation of localised environmental noise

Abid Noor, Ali O. and Al-Hussaini, Imad H.M. and Salina Abdul Samad, (2018) Adaptive cancellation of localised environmental noise. Jurnal Kejuruteraan, 30 (2). pp. 179-186. ISSN 0128-0198


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Noise cancellation systems are useful in applications such as speech and speaker recognition systems where the effects of environmental noise have to be taken into considerations. A robust method for the cancellation of localised noise in noisy speech signals using subband decomposition and adaptive filtering is presented and described in this paper. The subband decomposition technique is based on low complexity octave filters that split the noisy speech input into subsidiary bands. A thresholding technique is then applied to the subbands to determine the presence or absence of environmental noise. This is used to control an adaptive filter which only responds to the noisy parts of the speech spectrum hence localising the adaptation process only on these segments. The Normalised Least Mean Squares algorithm (NLMS) is used for the adaptation process. A comparison with a similar system without localising the environmental noise shows the superior performance of the proposed system. It has been shown to perform better in terms of computational costs and convergence rate when compared to a system that does not take advantage of the information regarding the presence or absence of noise in a specific part of the speech spectrum. More than 35 dB of noise has been eliminated in less iterations than in conventional approach which needs longer time to reach steady state.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Adaptive filters; Noise cancellation; Noise localisation
Journal:Jurnal Kejuruteraan
ID Code:13793
Deposited By: ms aida -
Deposited On:17 Dec 2019 01:23
Last Modified:19 Dec 2019 23:47

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