General algorithms for 3-D motion of a non-planar body in a steady-state force field

M.Pratt, Ronald and Khairil Mazwan Mohamad Zaini, (2002) General algorithms for 3-D motion of a non-planar body in a steady-state force field. Jurnal Kejuruteraan, 14 .

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Determining trajectories of objects in three-dimensional space is fundamental to many disciplines. Whether the objects be molecules or celestial bodies, the standard Newtonian equations of motion describe this dynamic behavior. Unfortunately, however the complexity of a real system normally requires that the equations of motion be solved numerically and methods presented in classical mechanics textbooks are of little practical use. In addition, the standard equations of motion involving Eulaer angles contain singularities and are therefore not suitable for computer solution. This paper discusses implementation of two powerful but little known techniques using quaternions, the Evans and the Rapaport methods. These little known techniques have been developed by and used for molecular modeling, but their application is far reaching, and can be applied to any system where quantum or relativistic effects may be neglected. These methods shoe excellent conservation of energy over many millions of time steps and are free of singularities. Herein we compare the two methods in terms of efficiency and accuracy. Due to their general nature, the algorithms may be readily coded to meet the needs of many applications

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Classical Mechanics; Newtonian; Lagrangian; Quaternions; Euler Equations of Motion; Euler Angles; Predictor-Correctol; Gear
Journal:Jurnal Kejuruteraan
ID Code:1388
Deposited By: Ms. Nor Ilya Othman
Deposited On:18 May 2011 08:05
Last Modified:11 Oct 2011 03:45

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