West Nile virus infection in human and animals: potential risks in Malaysia

Nur Ain Najwa Mohd Yuseri, and Nor Yasmin Abd. Rahaman, and Abdul Rahman Omar, and Siti Suri Arshad, and Jalila Abu, and Hussni Omar Mohammed, (2019) West Nile virus infection in human and animals: potential risks in Malaysia. Sains Malaysiana, 48 (12). pp. 2727-2735. ISSN 0126-6039


Official URL: http://www.ukm.my/jsm/malay_journals/jilid48bil12_...


West Nile virus (WNV) is a zoonotic RNA virus maintained in enzootic cycles involving mosquito mainly Culex and Aedes spp. as the vector and birds as the reservoir host. WNV is endemic in Africa, Europe and Western Asia. Human infection results in asymptomatic illness such as fever, headache, tiredness, body aches, nausea, vomiting, skin rash, swollen lymph glands and neuroinvasive disease are seen in less than 1% of infected persons. The spectrum of symptoms in animals includes fever, weakness and paralysis of hind limbs, impaired vision, ataxia, head pressing, aimless wandering, seizures, inability to swallow, walking in circles and coma. Based on the previous study in Malaysia, the antibody and nucleic acid against WNV were detected in Orang Asli, captive birds and horses. In this paper, potential risk factors contributing to WNV occurrence are discussed. How the disease or infection is diagnosed and controlled was also discussed.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Arthropod-borne virus; Vector; West Nile virus; Zoonotic
Journal:Sains Malaysiana
ID Code:14461
Deposited By: ms aida -
Deposited On:16 Apr 2020 05:40
Last Modified:19 Apr 2020 09:50

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