Effects of different types of primary pterygium on changes in oculovisual function

Mohd Radzi Hilmi, and Khairidzan Mohd Kamal, and Azrin Esmady Ariffin, and Nur Ain Norazmar, and Nur Nabilah Maruziki, and Nur Hidayah Musa, and Mardhiah Syazwani Nasir, and Mohd Zulfaezal Che Azemin, and Muhammad Hanafi Azami, and Muhammad Afzam Shah Abdul Rahim, (2020) Effects of different types of primary pterygium on changes in oculovisual function. Sains Malaysiana, 49 (2). pp. 383-388. ISSN 0126-6039


Official URL: http://www.ukm.my/jsm/malay_journals/jilid49bil2_2...


Pterygium are known to cause reduction in oculovisual function. However, the effects are varying due to its various morphological factors, thus, the impact on patient are difficult to predict which indirectly not all pterygium need to be excised. To describe the effects of different types of pterygium on changes in oculovisual function. Ninety-three (93) primary pterygium eyes from 93 patients were recruited in this study. Diagnosis and classification of primary pterygium were done by a consultant ophthalmologist (KMK). Standard optometric examinations were performed in all participants. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and contrast sensitivity (CS) was subjectively measured using computerised M&S Technologies Smart System II, performed by a single operator on the same visit. Pterygium excision was done based on a standardised method performed by a single surgeon (KMK). At third month post-surgical, repeated measurements of BCVA and CS were performed. Difference between pre and post-surgical was taken as magnitude changes for each pterygium type. Paired T-test and ANOVA were employed to evaluate the difference between pre- and post-surgical and pterygium types for both BCVA and CS parameters. Overall mean (n = 93) of BCVA and CS were found significantly associated with advance pterygium (P < 0.001). Paired T-test and ANOVA results showed a significant difference in BCVA and CS values between pterygium groups in pre- and post-surgical sessions and between pterygium types (both P < 0.001). Reduction of oculovisual function in pterygium patient is expected in advance pterygium. Management of pterygium should be coherent with pterygium types.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA); Contrast sensitivity; Morphology; Primary pterygium; Pterygium excision
Journal:Sains Malaysiana
ID Code:14770
Deposited By: ms aida -
Deposited On:18 Jun 2020 04:11
Last Modified:22 Jun 2020 08:39

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