Knowledge and preventive behaviour among pregnant women with latent toxoplasmosis in Malaysia

Ahmad N, and Emelia Osman, and Abdul Ghani NA, and Leong, WY and Arzaee MZ, and Seow, YY and Dol Bahar S, and Wan Yahya WNN, and Mustapha N, and Vadiveel Y, (2020) Knowledge and preventive behaviour among pregnant women with latent toxoplasmosis in Malaysia. Medicine & Health, 15 (2). pp. 108-123. ISSN 2289-5728


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Latent toxoplasmosis could induce various hormonal and behavioural perturbations in infected hosts. We aimed to study the latent seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) and the relationship between infection, knowledge and behaviour among 400 pregnant mothers. Plasma samples were tested for the presence of T. gondii IgG antibodies while a structured questionnaire was used to record respondents’ socio-demographic characteristics, general information and knowledge on plausible risk factors, symptoms, timing of infection, and preventive knowledge and behaviour regarding toxoplasmosis. The seroprevalence of latent toxoplasmosis among respondents was at 31.8%. This study indicated that 69.5% of them had poor knowledge of toxoplasmosis but most of them (99.8%) practised preventive behaviours. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that pregnant women with low education levels (aOR: 1.91, 95% CI 1.18, 3.10; p = 0.008) and past medical history (aOR: 2.32, 95% CI 1.32, 4.06; p = 0.003) were both twice as likely to have anti-T. gondii IgG seropositivity. Besides, women who were unsure regarding the transmission mode of the disease via blood transfusion were four times more likely (aOR: 3.93, 95% CI 1.54, 10.01; p = 0.004) to have chronic toxoplasmosis seroprevalence. Women who were unsure regarding the necessities of avoiding stray cats had aOR of 0.42 (95% CI 0.24, 0.71, p = 0.001) for chronic toxoplasmosis seroprevalence. Translating the knowledge on toxoplasmosis into the practice of preventive behaviour via a health education programme is crucial in reducing the risk of disease transmission especially among pregnant women.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Attitude; Knowledge; Practice; Pregnant mother; Seroprevalence; Toxoplasmosis; Toxoplasma gondii
Journal:Medicine & Health
ID Code:16274
Deposited By: ms aida -
Deposited On:08 Mar 2021 06:43
Last Modified:16 Mar 2021 01:29

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