Soil factors are the drivers for wetlands colonization by Pneumatopteris afra in Nigeria

Festus, Akomolafe Gbenga and Rahmad Zakaria, (2021) Soil factors are the drivers for wetlands colonization by Pneumatopteris afra in Nigeria. Sains Malaysiana, 50 (2). pp. 351-360. ISSN 0126-6039

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The relationships between soil factors and plant community characteristics of some wetlands invaded by Pneumatopteris afra and non-invaded ones were investigated. Sixty soil samples were obtained from six wetlands comprising three invaded and three non-invaded in Lafia, Nigeria using sixty quadrants arranged on six 200 m transects. The samples, after air-dried and sieved using 2 mm mesh were analysed for the physico-chemical properties which include pH, organic matter (OM), percentage nitrogen (% N), phosphorus (P), calcium (Ca), sodium (Na), potassium (K), magnesium (Mg), exchangeable acidity (EA), percentage base saturation (% BS), particle size, porosity, bulk density (BD), hydraulic conductivity (HC), and moisture content (MC) using standard methods. Direct ordination in canonical correspondence analysis was used to determine the influence of these soil factors on P. afra abundance, Shannon diversity, and species richness of both invaded and non-invaded sites. All sites differ from each other in terms of their physico-chemical parameters. The invaded sites appeared to be more acidic (pH = 3.22), less sandy, more porous (38.11%), low HC (1.23) as compared with non-invaded ones. Soil factors that favoured abundance of P. afra (% OM and EA) correlated negatively with Shannon diversity index of invaded sites which was positively influenced by % N, pH, and cation exchange capacity (CEC). At the non-invaded sites, Shannon index and density were influenced positively by % BS, pH, AP, and % N. All these observations showed that the soil factors played significant roles in the establishment of P. afra at the invaded sites, and also on the plant diversity at non-invaded sites.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Invasive plants; Lafia; Physico-chemical parameters; Pneumatopteris afra; Wetlands
Journal:Sains Malaysiana
ID Code:16494
Deposited By: ms aida -
Deposited On:26 Apr 2021 02:31
Last Modified:28 Apr 2021 04:26

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