Production of omega-3 fatty acids by enzymatic hydrolysis from lemuru fish by-products

Kosasih, Wawan and Tina Rosmalina, R. and Risdian, Chandra and Saepudin, Endang and Sri Priatni, (2021) Production of omega-3 fatty acids by enzymatic hydrolysis from lemuru fish by-products. Sains Malaysiana, 50 (8). pp. 2271-2282. ISSN 0126-6039


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Production of omega-3 fatty acids from lemuru fish by-products was studied by enzymatic hydrolysis using a lipase enzyme in one liter of the batch reactor. The hydrolysis temperature of fish oil was set at 45 to 55 ℃ for 0 to 24 h, whereas agitation from 50 to 150 rpm. RSM-Box Bhenken was used to study the effect of these parameters on omega-3 (EPA, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and α-linolenic acid (ALA)) content. The % free fatty acid (FFA), acid index, peroxide index, iodine index, and saponification index of lemuru fish oil was 0.925, 2.52, 42.5, 97.28, and 160.11%, respectively. GC-MS analysis results showed that unsaturated fatty acids content (62.34%), which are consisted of omega-3 (EPA, DHA, and ALA), omega-6 and omega-9, was much higher than saturated acids (12.97%). The experiment data showed that the highest EPA (1.221%) and DHA (0.312%) content were reached at 50 ℃ and 24 h with 150 rpm of agitation. However, through the RSM-Box Bhenken analysis and 3D surface plot, it was suggested that the optimum condition was obtained at 45 ℃ and 24 h with 150 rpm of agitation with the content of EPA, DHA, and ALA were 1.709, 0.49, and 1.237%, respectively.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:By-product; Lemuru fish oil; Lipase; Omega-3; Response surface method
Journal:Sains Malaysiana
ID Code:17584
Deposited By: ms aida -
Deposited On:15 Nov 2021 01:55
Last Modified:19 Nov 2021 01:43

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