Forecasting solid waste generation in Negeri Sembilan and Melaka

Noryanti Nasir, and Faridah Zulkipli, and Nor Filzah Syazwani Mohd Faizal, and Nurfarahin Mohamad Ghadafy, and Nur Hazieqah Azman, (2021) Forecasting solid waste generation in Negeri Sembilan and Melaka. Journal of Quality Measurement and Analysis, 17 (1). pp. 61-77. ISSN 1823-5670


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Solid waste management is vital to ensure the cleanliness of the country and keeping the good health of the people. In Malaysia, the solid waste management system is highly dependent on landfills to manage waste. However, landfill sites in Malaysia are in dire state and constructing new landfills become impossible due to land scarcity. On top of that, the practice of recycling among the public are critically lacking which contributes to rapid increase in the volume of solid waste generated. Thus, forecasting solid waste generation is crucial to avoid overflow of waste. In this study, the solid waste produced in Negeri Sembilan and Melaka is forecasted to one year ahead and to see whether the landfills in both states are still able to accommodate the solid waste produced. Secondary data of the solid waste generated in Negeri Sembilan and Melaka from January 2017 to August 2020 is used in this study. The error measures of several univariate and ARIMA models are evaluated using the Mean Square Error (MSE) and Mean Absolute Percentage Error (MAPE) to choose the best model in forecasting the solid waste generation in both states. The results revealed that ARMA (2,2) and ARMA (3,1) is the best model to forecast the solid waste generation in Negeri Sembilan and Melaka respectively. Besides, the estimated solid waste generation for both states also is approaching the maximum landfill capacity and this issue should be taken seriously so that environmental damage can be reduced.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Solid waste management; Forecasting, Landfill
Journal:Journal of Quality Measurement and Analysis
ID Code:17831
Deposited By: ms aida -
Deposited On:06 Jan 2022 00:32
Last Modified:07 Jan 2022 00:29

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