Moral reasoning theory : between Kohlberg’s and al-Ghazali’s perspective

Fariza Md Sham, and Yaqin, Ainul and Wachidah, Hajar Nurma (2021) Moral reasoning theory : between Kohlberg’s and al-Ghazali’s perspective. International Journal of Islamic Thought ( IJIT ), 20 . pp. 25-33. ISSN 2232-1314


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The purpose of this study was to examine the moral theory in al-Ghazali's classic Islamic compared Kohlberg's theory of moral level. The method used is the document analysis method with references to al-Ghazali works 'Ihya' Ulum al-Din's and articles related to Kohlberg's theory. The results show that there are similarities in the theory of moral level developed by al-Ghazali with Kohlberg, although there are also have differences. The level of moral reasoning classified by Kohlberg are divided into three which are preconventional, conventional and post-conventional which have similarities to al- Ghazali's moral classifications of the `awam, the khawas, and the khawas al-khawas. The difference is that Kohlberg's moral level is purely cognitive in its focus on moral reasoning, whereas al-Ghazali's moral level is on moral reasoning as well as behaviour.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Moral reasoning; Kohlberg’s moral level; Al-Ghazali’s moral level
Journal:International Journal of Islamic Thought (IJIT)
ID Code:18222
Deposited By: ms aida -
Deposited On:08 Mar 2022 08:30
Last Modified:14 Mar 2022 06:36

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