Lexical verbs in verb-noun collocations : empirical evidence from a Malay ESL learner corpus

Shazila Abdullah, and Roslina Abdul Aziz, and Rafidah Kamaruddin, (2021) Lexical verbs in verb-noun collocations : empirical evidence from a Malay ESL learner corpus. 3L; Language,Linguistics and Literature,The Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies., 27 (4). pp. 144-156. ISSN 0128-5157


Official URL: https://ejournal.ukm.my/3l/issue/view/1447


Previous studies have shown that verbs are indeed one of the essential lexical items that seem to dominate a text. At tertiary levels, learners are often presented with a list of verbs that are essential for English for Academic Purposes (EAP) courses such as academic writing. However, it is believed that the learning and teaching of these verbs goes far beyond the lists of EAP verbs. This is because knowledge of lexical verbs entails not only the knowledge of grammatical structures, but also the knowledge of semantic and syntactic structures. Therefore, this study aims to investigate how commonly used lexical verbs are used in learner writing in the perspectives of grammatical, semantic and syntactic features of verb-noun collocations. To achieve this, a corpus-based study using WordSmith Tools was employed on a learner corpus of Malay ESL learners to identify most-commonly used lexical verbs. These verbs were further given a linguistic analysis using a phraseological-based approach. The findings revealed that the use of transitive verbs led to several occurrences of verb-noun collocations and that the phraseological patterns of these verbs are bound by both lexical and grammatical patterns. This leads to the conclusion that the teaching of lexical verbs, specifically Verb-Noun collocations in academic writing should not only include the semantic elements, but also the syntactical elements of the verbs. It is then recommended that a lesson on lexical verbs should incorporate the teaching and learning of both lexis and grammar.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:English for academic purpose; Lexical verbs; Phraseological-based approach; Verb-noun collocations; Learner corpus research
Journal:3L ; Journal of Language, Linguistics and Literature
ID Code:18434
Deposited By: ms aida -
Deposited On:12 Apr 2022 07:29
Last Modified:16 Apr 2022 07:09

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