The comparative review model in measuring Islamic and conventional banking system of the Islamic banking culture in Malaysia

Rosfazila Abd Rahman, and Novel Lyndon, and Khairul Anuar Ahmad Abdul Razif Zaini, and Mohd Shahrul Nizam Mohd Danuri, (2021) The comparative review model in measuring Islamic and conventional banking system of the Islamic banking culture in Malaysia. AKADEMIKA, 91 (3(SI)). pp. 5-16. ISSN 0126-5008


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There is a narrative inclusion of Islamic values that are driven by religion as a living culture in Malaysia. Islamic banking institutions involved in the implementation of the Islamic Banking System which provides an opportunity for the general public to incorporate Islam into their financial context lives. The Islamic banking institution is responsible for pioneering the Islamic financial services industry. Therefore, the main issue is to what extent Islamic banking culture has been practiced. The main objective is to measure the Islamic and conventional banking system in the context of Islamic banking culture by using a comparative review model. The study was using the qualitative approach that involved structured interviews with the officers of Sharia’, operations, products and services personnel and the top management. The data analysis was carried out by employing the ATLAS.ti software. The finding indicates the principles in the Islamic banking system do not permit any business activities related to interest (riba), gambling (maisir) and speculative elements (gharar). The principles in the conventional banking system are based on the capitalist system through the theory of demand and supply. The meaning and understanding of the Islamic organisation culture shows are very significant differences between Islamic and conventional banking. The concept of Islamic banking is based on social justice while the concept of the conventional banking is focused on maximizing profit. The implication is that there are several aspects such as leadership, product development and innovation as well as services which need to be improved and given ample consideration.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Sociology & anthropology; Islamic banking culture; Conventional banking; Organizational culture; Islamic organizational culture
ID Code:18471
Deposited By: ms aida -
Deposited On:14 Apr 2022 06:33
Last Modified:18 Apr 2022 07:12

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