Hadith of Aisha’s marriage to Prophet Muhammad : an Islamic discourse on child marriage

Mohd Al Adib Samuri, and Muhammad Al-Ghazalli Abdol Malek, and Muhammad Nazir Alias, and Hopkins, Peter (2022) Hadith of Aisha’s marriage to Prophet Muhammad : an Islamic discourse on child marriage. International Journal of Islamic Thought ( IJIT ), 21 . pp. 93-105. ISSN 2232-1314


Official URL: http://www.ukm.my/ijit/volume-21-june-2022/


Child marriage is a global issue that concerns the violation of children's rights. All signatory countries to the International Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC), including Malaysia, are obliged to raise the marriageable age to 18 years old as a legal measure to curb child marriage. However, the proposed law reform received strong rejection and criticism from religious groups in various Muslim countries. Religious traditionalist groups saw child marriage as permissible in Islamic law following the authority of the hadith of Aisha's marriage to Prophet Muhammad at the age of six. This article aims to analyse the abovementioned hadith by highlighting the discussion between the conflicting groups of Muslim scholars in the context of child marriage. This study employed content analysis to the Islamic legal texts and hadith commentaries in classical and contemporary works. This study found that the controversial hadith in question is a sound authority and cannot be dismissed as a legal basis for several matters in Islamic family law, including the permissibility of a father to marry off his young child. However, the hadith should not be considered as an authority to condone child marriage in today’s context. As a way forward, child rights’ advocates may pose other arguments within the Islamic law framework such as maslaha and Siyasah Shar'iyya to curb child marriage in Malaysia.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Child marriage; Child rights; Islamic family law; Legal marriageable age; Siyasah al-Syar’iyya
Journal:International Journal of Islamic Thought (IJIT)
ID Code:19214
Deposited By: ms aida -
Deposited On:02 Aug 2022 03:54
Last Modified:04 Aug 2022 07:26

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