A review on factors to be incorporated in water quality study

Danial Nakhaie Mohd Soukhri, and Siti Multazimah Mohamad Faudzi, and Zuriyati Yusof, and Mohd Fitri Mohd Akhir, and Nurzulaikha Mohd Kamal, and Noor Aida Saad, (2022) A review on factors to be incorporated in water quality study. Jurnal Kejuruteraan, 34 (4). pp. 575-583. ISSN 0128-0198


Official URL: https://www.ukm.my/jkukm/volume-3404-2022/


Water quality issues had been the main concern in worldwide as water resource keeps being polluted. River acts as the main source of drinking water, habitat for aquatic life, agriculture and industry. Poor in water quality led to the increase n water treatment expenses, water scarcity and affect health. River pollution is caused by industrial discharge, sewage and wastewater, chemical fertilizers and pesticides and mining activities. This paper aims to review and comments on factors to be incorporated in water quality study. Water quality index and pollutants are found to be the critical factors. USA, Canada, Iraq, Thailand, Vietnam and Malaysia used different parameters in calculating WQI. The parameters being considered in the WQI are then classified the river according to their classes and usage. Department of Environment (DOE) Malaysia has highlighted three main pollutants in water quality study which are Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Ammoniacal Nitrogen (NH3 N) and Suspended Solid (SS) due to their great influence on WQI calculation. However, standard treated water quality in Malaysia is still based on Environmental Quality Act, 1974 which is nearly 50 years ago. Emerging pollutants which are mainly organic compounds present as pharmaceuticals and personal care products are found in water resources nowadays and the treatment should be improvised along time. Some modification of class on usage of water as irrigation should be considered and the relevant of considering two oxygen demands in calculating WQI (BOD and COD).

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Water quality; Water resources; Water quality index; Malaysia
Journal:Jurnal Kejuruteraan
ID Code:20325
Deposited By: ms aida -
Deposited On:26 Oct 2022 02:44
Last Modified:02 Nov 2022 01:06

Repository Staff Only: item control page