Weld strength and cracking susceptibility analysis of pulsed TIG welded Al-Mg-Si alloy by experimental approach

Kikani, Pratik T. and Thakkar, Hemantkumar R. and Shah, Sagarkumar I. (2022) Weld strength and cracking susceptibility analysis of pulsed TIG welded Al-Mg-Si alloy by experimental approach. Jurnal Kejuruteraan, 34 (5). pp. 825-830. ISSN 0128-0198


Official URL: https://www.ukm.my/jkukm/volume-3405-2022/


Aluminium is a non ferrous corrosive resistance metal mainly used in automotive coolers, inter coolers and radiators. They are the part of automobile vehicles and made from aluminium alloys. The joints in this application are created by fusion welding process specifically Tungsten Inert Gas (TIG) and Pulsed current TIG (PCTIG) welding process. The working temperature range of different coolers, radiators are 20° C to 300° C and pressure ranges from 2.5 bar to 3.5 bar. During actual working of coolers, the weld joint experiences sudden high level and low level temperature changes. These will create high thermal stresses in the joints. It leads to cracking in the weld region and create failure of the weld joints. Various factors such as mechanical, metallurgical and thermal are responsible for cracking in the weld joints. Range of solidification temperature is one of metallurgical factor, stress generation is mechanical factor and cooling rate of weld metal is thermal factor for cracking. Houldcroft weldability test is employed to identify the cracking susceptibility (CS) of the weld. The current investigation is intended to discover the effect of pulse TIG welding process parameters on the mechanical properties and cracking susceptibility of precipitated aluminium Al-Mg-Si alloy. Diverse pulsed TIG welding process parameters such as peak current (Ip), base current (Ib) and frequency (f) were investigated with the objective of identify the tensile strength, yield strength and cracking susceptibility. The corresponding findings of optimum parameters are 180 peak current (Ip), 60 A base current (Ib) and at 6 Hz frequency (f) with tensile strength of 185.55 MP, yield strength 156.62 MPa. The significant of each parameter for tensile strength are Ip, Ib, Ip*Ib, Ip*f and Ib*f. The corresponding contributions in % are 14.56, 49.49, 12.26, 5.44, 12.15, 5.04, and 1.05 respectively. The statistical method such as Taguchi was employed for experiment design. Weldability test (Fishbone test) was performed on standard specimen and the cracking susceptibility index was identified. The cracking susceptibility index 5.26 % were observed with the value of 180 A of Ip, 80 A of Ib & 2 Hz of frequency (f).The results give an idea about the effect of pulsed TIG welding parameters on mechanical properties and cracking susceptibility.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:PCTIG welding; Houldcroft weldability test; Cracking susceptibility; Tensile strength; Yield strength
Journal:Jurnal Kejuruteraan
ID Code:20584
Deposited By: ms aida -
Deposited On:23 Nov 2022 03:14
Last Modified:28 Nov 2022 12:17

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