The effectiveness of url features on phishing emails classification using machine learning approach

Ahmad Fadhil Naswir, and Lailatul Qadri Zakaria, and Saidah Saad, (2022) The effectiveness of url features on phishing emails classification using machine learning approach. Asia-Pacific Journal of Information Technology and Multimedia, 11 (2). pp. 49-58. ISSN 2289-2192


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Phishing email classification requires features so that the performance obtained produces good accuracy. One of the reasons for the lack of development of models for detecting phishing emails is the complexity of the feature selection. Feature selection is one of the essential parts of getting a good classification result, commonly used features are header, body, and Uniform Resource Locator (URL). Besides the email body text content, the URL is one of the leading indicators that the phishing attack successfully happened. The URL is commonly located on the body of the phishing email to get the victim's attention. It will redirect the victim to a fake website to obtain personal information from the victim. There is a lack of information about how the URL features affect the phishing email classification results. Therefore, this work focuses on using URL features to determine whether an email is phishing or legitimate using machine learning approaches. Two public datasets used in this work are the Online Phishing Corpus and Enron Corpus. The URL features are extracted using the Beautiful Soup library. Two machine learning classifiers used in this work are Support Vector Machine (SVM) and Artificial Neural Network (ANN). The experiments were divided into two based on features used in the classifiers. The first experiment used raw email data with URL features, while the second only used raw email data. The first experiment shows higher accuracy in both classifiers, SVM and ANN. Hence, this research proves that the impact of selecting URL features will increase the performance of the classification.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Phishing; Phishing email classification; Features selection; URL feature; Machine learning
Journal:Asia - Pasific Journal of Information Technology and Multimedia (Formerly Jurnal Teknologi Maklumat dan Multimedia)
ID Code:20846
Deposited By: ms aida -
Deposited On:16 Dec 2022 00:35
Last Modified:21 Dec 2022 08:26

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