Wing variation in tribe limenitidini (Nymphalidae: Limenitidinae) from Sarawak, Malaysia

Wan Nurainie Wan Ismail, and Sofea Noor Mustafa, and Ratnawati Hazali, and Nurul Zawiyah Mohamad, and Hazirah Mohd Tamin Nor, (2022) Wing variation in tribe limenitidini (Nymphalidae: Limenitidinae) from Sarawak, Malaysia. Serangga, 27 (3). pp. 78-105. ISSN 1394-5130


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This study describes and compares the wing pattern variation among species of the tribe Limenitidini. A total of 34 species representing 13 genera of the tribe Limenitidini wing were examined and illustrated, where pattern elements of the nymphalid ground plan (NGP) are labelled in color. In general, the ventral wing surface tends to have more visible pattern elements than the dorsal wing surface. Elements c (basal symmetry system), d (proximal band of central symmetry system), f (discal band of central symmetry system) and I (parafocal element) are the common pattern elements found among species examined of this tribe. UPGMA were constructed to show the similarity distance between the species of tribe Limenitidini in terms of pattern elements on the ventral wing surface. The sexual dimorphism and colour resemblance among species in this study are also discussed.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Automated identification; Nymphalid ground plan; Trailing band, Sarawak
ID Code:21045
Deposited By: Mohd Hamka Md. Nasir
Deposited On:03 Feb 2023 01:59
Last Modified:07 Feb 2023 09:22

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