Assessment of governance and ecological status of Terengganu Marine Park, Malaysia: toward marine spatial planning

Che Din Mohd Safuan, and Nazli Aziz, and Izarenah Md Repin, and Xue, Xiong-Zhi and Abdul Rahman Muhammad Ashraf, and Zainudin Bachok, and Nik Nurhazirah Nik Omar, and Nor Hafzan Abd Rasid, and Wan Izatul Asma Wan Talaat, (2022) Assessment of governance and ecological status of Terengganu Marine Park, Malaysia: toward marine spatial planning. Sains Malaysiana, 51 (12). pp. 3909-3922. ISSN 0126-6039


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Terengganu Marine Parks (TMP) is a 591.37 km2 marine protected area. TMP are popular tourist destinations that significantly generate revenue to the government and local businesses through tourism sector. However, the anthropogenic activities have contributed to TMP’s declining ecosystem health, particularly the coral reefs. Therefore, a sustainable ecosystem-based management is required to maintain the ecosystem. In this study, we identify issues related to the marine park’s governance, development on islands, tourist activities and coral health status in the TMP for assessing potential management strategy for conserving the ecosystem. The findings on management in TMP found that there is an overlapping in managing the marine park between the federal and state government. Unintegrated development to accommodate rising number of tourist and their activities in the marine parks are identified as the factors contributing towards degradation of the ecosystems. Relatively, reef areas close to these local pressures are in ‘poor’ condition, indicating that threats arising from the activities affecting the marine ecosystem. Hence, this study analyses the potentials in adopting Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) in the TMP for managing the conflict between user and the ecosystem. The Australian Great Barrier Reef Marine Park which applied the zoning of marine area is used as a benchmark to examine the best practices of MSP to govern the TMP. At present, we suggest using coral reef health status as an early alternative and best practice to provide different zoning criteria for strategic marine protected area (MPA) management for TMP.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Coral reefs; Environmental management; Marine protected area; Ocean governance; South China Sea
Journal:Sains Malaysiana
ID Code:21191
Deposited By: Siti Zarenah Jasin
Deposited On:21 Feb 2023 08:51
Last Modified:27 Feb 2023 06:32

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