Malay happiness at workplace index: psychometric properties study

AHD, Latfi and S, Mohamed Saini and A, Baharudin (2023) Malay happiness at workplace index: psychometric properties study. Medicine & Health, 18 (1). pp. 148-158. ISSN 2289-5728


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The present study aimed to validate the Malay Happiness at Workplace (M-HAW) index questionnaire. A cross-sectional survey study with a convenience sampling method was carried out at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC), Malaysia. The forward-backward approach was used to translate the original 11 items of the M-HAW questionnaires, which were then distributed to respondents. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) were utilised to assess the questionnaires’ validity and reliability. A total of 501 healthy individuals were included in the study, with 72% female respondents and a mean age of 37.63 + 7.60. The questionnaire was generally well-received by participants, and reliability standards were met (Cronbach’s α = 0.95). The EFA shows two distinct factors, namely individual and environmental factors. The CFA shows that the model was fit (RMSEA= 0.076, CFI= 0.978, x2/df= 3.31). The M-HAW demonstrated its validity as a good tool for determining happiness in the workplace. The M-HAW questionnaire can be used as a screening tool to measure happiness, and should be able to help an organisation provide suitable interventions to improve employee happiness.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Happiness at work; Scale; Validation
Journal:Medicine & Health
ID Code:22578
Deposited By: Mohd Hamka Md. Nasir
Deposited On:23 Nov 2023 07:29
Last Modified:30 Nov 2023 07:07

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