Evaluation for antiviral potential of ficus deltoidea against dengue virus type-2

Yuan, Seng Wu and Afzal, Sheryar and V. Appalaraju, and Tan, Qi Wei and Aimi Syamima Abdul Manap, and Albokhadaim, Ibrahim (2024) Evaluation for antiviral potential of ficus deltoidea against dengue virus type-2. Sains Malaysiana, 53 (2). pp. 383-396. ISSN 0126-6039


Official URL: https://www.ukm.my/jsm/english_journals/vol53num2_...


Dengue is one of the most widespread arthropod-borne viral diseases that cause negative impact globally. Presently, no effective drug is available to safeguard people against dengue. Ficus deltoidea is Malaysia›s famous traditional herb belonging to Moraceae family due to its pharmacological potential. F. deltoidea leaves (FDL) were extracted with n-hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol. Cell cytotoxicity study using MTT assay measuring the formazan absorbance was conducted to determine maximum non-toxic concentration on Vero cells. The antiviral activities of various concentrations of FDL extracts were assessed using virus reduction neutralisation tests against dengue virus type 2. The CC20 value of n-hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol FDL extracts were 2.99 ± 0.31, 22.15 ± 2.39, and 25.22 ± 0.42 µg/mL, respectively. Methanol FDL extract at maximum non-toxic concentration exerted strongest direct extracellular virucidal effect against DENV-2. In cell protection assay, ethyl acetate FDL extract achieved highest reduction in viral infectivity (98.17%), whereas n-hexane FDL extract showed strongest inhibition in DENV-2 viral replication in post-infection assay. Methanol FDL extract showed highest selectivity index value in direct virus inhibition, cell protection and post-infection assay. Conclusively, FDL extracts, especially methanol FDL showed potential antiviral activity against DENV-2, thus considered as promising anti-dengue agent.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Antiviral; Cytotoxicity; Dengue virus type 2; Ficus deltoidei ; MTT assay
Journal:Sains Malaysiana
ID Code:23650
Deposited By: Siti Zarenah Jasin
Deposited On:07 Jun 2024 07:27
Last Modified:10 Jun 2024 08:47

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