Detection of shiga toxin 1 and 2 (stx1 and stx2) genes in escherichia coli O157:H7 isolated from retail beef in Malaysia by Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)

A.M. Sahilah, and H. Nor’ Aishah, and I. Noraida, and A. Ahmad Azuhairi, (2010) Detection of shiga toxin 1 and 2 (stx1 and stx2) genes in escherichia coli O157:H7 isolated from retail beef in Malaysia by Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). Sains Malaysiana, 39 (1). pp. 57-63. ISSN 0126-6039

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Abstract

Twenty (n=20) beef isolates of Escherichia coli O157:H7 were examined for the detection of Shiga- toxin 1 and 2 (stx1 and stx2) genes by multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and characterized using Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RAPD-PCR) fingerprinting. All isolates were obtained from the laboratory of Food Science and Biotechnology, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor. In the detection of stx1 and stx2 genes, 14 of isolates (14/20) were positive to stx1 and stx2. 5 isolates (5/20) were positive to stx1 and 1 isolate (1/20) was negative by either of stx1 or stx2 genes. Using RAPD-PCR analysis, two oligonucleotides were chosen because they yielded clearly and reproducible band. There were OPAR8 (5’-TGGGGCTGTC-3’) and OPAR20 (5’-ACGGCAAGGA-3’). Subsequently, all 20 isolates of E.coli O157:H7 were subtyped using OPAR8 and OPAR20. Primer OPAR8 produced 8 RAPD-PCR fingerprinting namely P1 to P11. Whereas, OPAR20 produced 16 RAPD-PCR fingerprinting of Q1-Q18. Combination of two primers was analyzed using Unweighted Pair Group Method with Arithmetic mean (UPGMA). Dendogram performed from cluster analysis showed that all the 20 isolates of E.coli O157:H7 differentiated into 20 individual isolates which may suggest the high level of local geographical genetic variation.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Escherichia coli O157:H7; multiplex PCR; retail beef; Stx1 and stx2 genes
Journal:Sains Malaysiana
ID Code:324
Deposited By: Mr Fazli Nafiah -
Deposited On:29 Dec 2010 03:27
Last Modified:14 Dec 2016 06:27

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