Leaf morphological variations and heterophylly in ficus deltoidea Jack (Moraceae)

Nashriyah Mat, and Nurrul Akmar Rosni, and Nor Zaimah Ab Rashid, and Norhaslinda Haron, and Zanariah Mohd Nor, and Nur Fatihah Hasan Nudin, and Abd Ghani Yunus, and Abdul Manaf Ali, (2012) Leaf morphological variations and heterophylly in ficus deltoidea Jack (Moraceae). Sains Malaysiana, 41 (5). pp. 527-538. ISSN 0126-6039


Official URL: http://www.ukm.my/jsm/


Six varieties of Ficus deltoidea Jack (Moraceae) showed leaf morphological variations through quantitative measurement on different plant parts. There were significant differences among six varieties studied by plant parts. The varieties studied include var. deltoidea Corner, var. angustifolia (Miq.) Corner, var. trengganuensis Corner, var. bilobata Corner, var. intermedia Corner, and var. kunstleri (King) Corner. The upper, middle and lower plant parts showed morphological variations in terms of leaf length, leaf width, leaf area and petiole length. Qualitative parameters also showed trends in morphological variations in terms of leaf shape, leaf base, leaf apex and leaf attachment. However, some qualitative parameters were not the recommended parameters to differentiate among varieties. On the other hand, leaf heterophylly has occurred in F. deltoidea because foliage of the young plant was different from the mature plant. Leaf heterophylly was observed in leaf shape and leaf apex parameters, whereby leaves from the lower plant parts were different from the upper and middle parts. The heterophylly in leaf shape was detected in varieties angustifolia, bilobata, intermedia and trengganuensis, whilst six varieties of F. deltoidea showed leaf apex heterophylly.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Ficus deltoidea Jack; leaf heterophylly; leaf morphological variations; plant parts; variety
Journal:Sains Malaysiana
ID Code:4464
Deposited By: Mr Azam
Deposited On:23 Apr 2012 07:55
Last Modified:14 Dec 2016 06:36

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