Projected changes of future climate extremes in Malaysia

Meng, Sei Kwan and Fredolin T. Tangang, and Liew, Juneng (2013) Projected changes of future climate extremes in Malaysia. Sains Malaysiana, 42 (8). pp. 1051-1058. ISSN 0126-6039


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Mitigating and adapting to the impacts of climate change at regional level require downscaled projection of future climate states. This paper examined the possible changes of future climate extremes over Malaysia based on the IPCC SRES A1B emission scenario. The projected changes at 17 stations were produced by bias correcting the UKMO PRECIS downscaling simulation output. The simulation expected higher probability of rainfall extreme occurrences over the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia during the autumn transitional monsoon period. In addition, possible early monsoon rainfall was projected for certain stations located over East Malaysia. The simulation also projected larger increase of warm temperature extremes but smaller decrease of cold extremes, suggesting asymmetric expansion of the temperature distribution. The impact of the elevated green house gases (GHG) is higher in the night time temperature extremes as compared to the day time temperature extremes. The larger increment of warm night frequencies as compared to the warm day suggests smaller diurnal temperature ranges under the influence of higher greenhouse gases. Stations located in East Malaysia were projected to experience the largest increase of warm night occurrence.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Bias correction; climate extremes; Malaysia; PRECIS; SRES A1B
Journal:Sains Malaysiana
ID Code:6442
Deposited By: ms aida -
Deposited On:02 Aug 2013 01:31
Last Modified:14 Dec 2016 06:41

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