Oral vocabulary as a predictor of English language proficiency among Malaysian Chinese preschool children

Hooi, San Phoon and Anna Christina Abdullah, (2014) Oral vocabulary as a predictor of English language proficiency among Malaysian Chinese preschool children. 3L; Language,Linguistics and Literature,The Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies., 20 (1). pp. 143-156. ISSN 0128-5157


Official URL: http://ejournals.ukm.my/3l/index


The vocabulary of children is an important indication of their language ability during the preschool years. This study examined whether oral vocabulary is a good predictor of the English language proficiency of Malaysian Chinese preschoolers by examining the correlation of oral vocabulary and English language proficiency. A total of 204 Chinese preschoolers aged between 3 to 6 years participated in this study. A parental report was used to gauge the English language proficiency level of the children; while a set of stimulus pictures containing 160 basic and easy vocabularies were used to determine the oral vocabulary abilities of the children. The results showed that preschoolers’ oral production of English vocabulary had a significant and positive correlation with their English language proficiency. Older children showed more correct production of English vocabulary compared to younger children. There were no gender effects in their oral productions. The findings of the present study could serve as a way to gather information on preschoolers’ level of English language proficiency, to inform instructional practice and to rule out second language learning problems or language delay.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:oral vocabulary; English language proficiency; Malaysian; Chinese; preschoolers
Journal:3L ; Journal of Language, Linguistics and Literature
ID Code:7072
Deposited By: ms aida -
Deposited On:14 Apr 2014 08:51
Last Modified:14 Dec 2016 06:43

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