Correlation between hotspots and air quality in Pekanbaru-Riau, Indonesia in 2006-2007

Adelin Anwar, and Liew, Juneng and Mohamed Rozali Othman, and Mohd. Talib Latif, (2010) Correlation between hotspots and air quality in Pekanbaru-Riau, Indonesia in 2006-2007. Sains Malaysiana, 39 (2). pp. 169-174. ISSN 0126-6039


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Biomass burning is one of the main sources of air pollution in South East Asia, predominantly during the dry period between June and October each year. Sumatra and Kalimantan, Indonesia, have been identified as the regions connected to biomass burning due to their involvement in agricultural activities. In Sumatra, the Province of Riau has always been found to have had the highest number of hotspots during haze episodes. This study aims to determine the concentration of five major pollutants (PM10, SO2, NO2, CO and O3) in Riau, Indonesia, for 2006 and 2007. It will also correlate the level of air pollutants to the number of hotspots recorded, using the hotspot information system introduced by the Malaysian Centre for Remote Sensing (MACRES). Overall, the concentration of air pollutants recorded was found to increase with the number of hotspots. Nevertheless, only the concentration of PM10 during a haze episode is significantly different when compared to its concentration in non-haze conditions. In fact, in August 2006, when the highest number of hotspots was recorded the concentration of PM10 was found to increase by more than 20% from its normal concentration. The dispersion pattern, as simulated by the Hybrid Single Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory Model (HYSPLIT), showed that the distribution of PM10 was greatly influenced by the wind direction. Furthermore, the particles had the capacity to reach the Peninsular Malaysia within 42 hours of emission from the point sources as a consequence of the South West monsoon.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Air quality; biomass burning; HYSPLIT model; hotspots
Journal:Sains Malaysiana
ID Code:7316
Deposited By: Mr Fazli Nafiah -
Deposited On:22 Jul 2014 05:11
Last Modified:14 Dec 2016 06:43

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