Bio-hydrogen production from food waste through anaerobic fermentation

Osuagwu Chiemeriwo Godday, and Osuagwu Uchechukwu Levi, and Agamuthu Pariatamby, (2014) Bio-hydrogen production from food waste through anaerobic fermentation. Sains Malaysiana, 43 (12). pp. 1927-1936. ISSN 0126-6039


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In order to protect our planet and ourselves from the adverse effects of excessive CO2 emissions and to prevent an imminent non-renewable fossil fuel shortage and energy crisis, there is a need to transform our current ‘fossil fuel dependent’ energy systems to new, clean, renewable energy sources. The world has recognized hydrogen as an energy carrier that complies with all the environmental quality and energy security, demands. This research aimed at producing hydrogen through anaerobic fermentation, using food waste as the substrate. Four food waste substrates were used: Rice, fish, vegetable and their mixture. Bio-hydrogen production was performed in lab scale reactors, using 250 mL serum bottles. The food waste was first mixed with the anaerobic sewage sludge and incubated at 37°C for 31 days (acclimatization). The anaerobic sewage sludge was then heat treated at 80°C for 15 min. The experiment was conducted at an initial pH of 5.5 and temperatures of 27, 35 and 55°C. The maximum cumulative hydrogen produced by rice, fish, vegetable and mixed food waste substrates were highest at 37°C (Rice =26.97±0.76 mL, fish = 89.70±1.25 mL, vegetable = 42.00±1.76 mL, mixed = 108.90±1.42 mL). A comparative study of acclimatized (the different food waste substrates were mixed with anaerobic sewage sludge and incubated at 37°C for 31days) and non-acclimatized food waste substrate (food waste that was not incubated with anaerobic sewage sludge) showed that acclimatized food waste substrate enhanced bio-hydrogen production by 90 - 100%.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Acclimatization; anaerobic sewage sludge; bio-hydrogen; food waste; initial pH
Journal:Sains Malaysiana
ID Code:8154
Deposited By: ms aida -
Deposited On:04 Jan 2015 14:30
Last Modified:14 Dec 2016 06:46

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