Evaluation of the phytoremediation potential of two medicinal plants

Fazilah Abd Manan, and Tsun, Thai Chai and Azman Abd Samad, and Dayangku Dalilah Mamat, (2015) Evaluation of the phytoremediation potential of two medicinal plants. Sains Malaysiana, 44 (4). pp. 503-509. ISSN 0126-6039


Official URL: http://www.ukm.my/jsm/malay_journals/jilid44bil4_2...


Heavy metal pollution leads to human health problems and represents a constant threat to the environment. Pollutant clean-up using conventional methods are often hampered by high cost and ineffective pollutant removal. Phytoremediation technique is a preferable alternative due to its minimal side effects to the environment in addition to reasonable treatment cost. In this study, we investigated the potential of Centella asiatica and Orthosiphon stamineus as phytoremediation agents. Both species were grown in contaminated soil obtained from industrial land. Plant growth response and their ability to accumulate and translocate zinc, copper and lead were assessed. From this study, root growth of C. asiatica was compromised when grown in contaminated soil. Copper was highly accumulated in C. asiatica roots while the leaves were more concentrated with zinc and lead. Conversely, all three tested metals were highly detected in the roots of O. stamineus, although the root elongation was not adversely affected. Low amount of metals in the stems of both species permits longer stem length. Correlation study showed that the accumulation of zinc, copper and lead in plant tissues varies depending on plant species and the type of metals. Based on the bioaccumulation, translocation and enrichment factor, our study showed that C. asiatica was tolerant towards zinc, copper and lead; hence suitable for phytoextraction. By contrast, O. stamineus acted as a moderate accumulator of the tested metal elements.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Centella asiatica; heavy metals; Orthosiphon stamineus; phytoremediation
Journal:Sains Malaysiana
ID Code:8627
Deposited By: ms aida -
Deposited On:27 May 2015 03:08
Last Modified:14 Dec 2016 06:47

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