Coherent mortality model in a state-space approach

Siti Rohani Mohd Nor, and Fadhilah Yusof, and Siti Mariam Norrulashikin, (2021) Coherent mortality model in a state-space approach. Sains Malaysiana, 50 (4). pp. 1101-1111. ISSN 0126-6039


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Mortality improvements that have recently become apparent in most developing countries have significantly shaped queries on forecast divergent between populations in recent years. Therefore, to ensure a more coherent way of forecasting, previous researchers have proposed multi-population mortality model in the form of independent estimation procedures. However, similar to single-population mortality model, such independent approaches might lead to inaccurate prediction interval. As a result of this inaccurate mortality forecasts, the life expectancies and the life annuities that the mortality model aims to generate is underestimated. In this study, we propose another new extension of the multi-population mortality model in a joint estimation approach by recasting the model into a state-space framework. A combination of augmented Li-Lee and O’Hare-Li methods are employed, before we transform the proposed model into a state-space formulation. In addition, this study incorporates the quadratic age effect parameter to the proposed model to better capture the younger ages mortality. We apply the method to gender and age-specific data for Malaysia. The results show that our latter framework brings a significant contribution to the multi-population mortality model due to the incorporation of joint-estimate and quadratic age effect parameters into the model’s structure. Consequently, the proposed model improves the mortality forecast accuracy.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Coherent mortality model; Multi-population; State-space
Journal:Sains Malaysiana
ID Code:17182
Deposited By: ms aida -
Deposited On:22 Jul 2021 04:38
Last Modified:26 Jul 2021 03:10

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