Affirmation of elastic modulus derived from spectral analysis of surface waves method using artificial neural network

Nur Aina Farahana Abdul Ghani, and Norfarah Nadia Ismail, and Wan Nur Aifa Wan Azahar, and Faridah Abd Rahman, and Amelia W. Azman, (2022) Affirmation of elastic modulus derived from spectral analysis of surface waves method using artificial neural network. Jurnal Kejuruteraan, 34 (5). pp. 905-913. ISSN 0128-0198


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Pavement modulus is believed as one of the important features to characterize the pavement condition, specifically the pavement stiffness. The value of pavement modulus may be calculated using the existing Witczak mathematical dynamic pavement modulus prediction formulae. However, the equation developed by Witczak is heavily impacted by temperature while underestimating the impact of other mixing factors thus, only offering an adequate approximation for the circumstances for which they were designed. In this study, the Spectral Analysis of Surface Wave (SASW) test data was used to develop an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) that accurately backcalculates pavement profiles in real-time. The pavement modulus calculated from the equation was validated by using ANN developed in Matlab software to avoid any mistakes during calculation based on the equation. Three parameters, shear wave velocity, depth and thickness from SASW test data were used as inputs and elastic modulus calculated using Witczak pavement modulus equation was used as an output to train the models developed in ANN. Five segments of pavement are presented in this paper where almost compromise that the greater the depth, the lesser the shear wave velocity as well as pavement modulus. Nine neural network models were developed in this study. The network architecture of 4-80-4 is the most optimized network with the highest correlation coefficient of 0.9992, 0.9994, 1.0, 0.9996 for validation, testing, training and all respectively. The created ANN models’ final outputs were reasonable and relatively similar to the real output.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:SASW; ANN; Pavement modulus; Network architecture
Journal:Jurnal Kejuruteraan
ID Code:20594
Deposited By: ms aida -
Deposited On:23 Nov 2022 04:18
Last Modified:28 Nov 2022 12:35

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